Crystals Make It Possible For Humans To Breathe Underwater

diving-crystal

(PCM) A group of Danish scientists have made a breakthrough by creating crystals that will allow humans to breathe underwater without the assistance of an oxygen tank. They even say that these new absorption crystals could even be used to help individuals suffering from certain respiratory aliments that require the use of heavy oxygen tanks.

The crystalline material discovered by the scientists has the ability to pull oxygen out of both water and air. It can then bind to and store oxygen in high concentrations. The crystals can also control the release time and amount of oxygen depending on the needs of each individual user. It could basically turn people into their very own version of the superhero Aquaman! Just think of the possibilities.

Scientists from the University of Southern Denmark and the University of Sydney, Professor Christine McKenzie and Jonas Sundberg, showed that approximately 10 liters of microscopic crystal grains, could be enough to completely suck the oxygen out of a room. The scientists say “A few grains contain enough oxygen for one breath, and as the material can absorb oxygen from the water around the diver and supply the diver with it, the diver will not need to bring more than these few grains.” The crystals use the element cobalt which is then bound in an organic molecule. 

The material has a sponge like effect with oxygen. Once the oxygen has been absorbed by the crystals a bit of heat or low oxygen pressure causes it to be released. The scientists are also looking into whether or not light could have any effect on the crystals as well. 

There has been no additional information released about how the crystals would actually work on human test subjects, however there is certainly a lot of promise with this amazing discovery. 

 

Crystals Make It Possible For Humans To Breathe Underwater was contributed by a Myth

One Second To Be Added To Clocks On Tuesday, 6/30/15

Leap-second1

(PCM) 2015 marks the year that a leap second will be added to clocks around the world. It was announced by the officials at the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service in Paris that the second will be added at the 23:59:59 mark on June 30, 2015. 

The last time a leap second was added to clocks was back in June of 2012. The leap second is added to clocks as a way to correct desynchronization between Universal Time (marked by Earth’s rotation) and Atomic Time (the average of about 200 atomic clocks in laboratories around the world). The leap seconds if necessary are added to the clock in either June or December. 

One Second To Be Added To Clocks On Tuesday, 6/30/15 was contributed by a Myth

FDA Calls For Trans Fat To Be Removed From All Products

trans fat

(PCM) The U.S. Food And Drug Administration has issued a statement that health advocates have been waiting for, for years. After many extensive studies about the use of trans fat or partially hydrogenated oils, the FDA has deemed them to be unsuited for human consumption and now manufacturers have three years to remove them from their products.

In their statement the FDA says “The FDA’s action on this major source of artificial trans fat demonstrates the agency’s commitment to the heart health of all Americans.This action is expected to reduce coronary heart disease and prevent thousands of fatal heart attacks every year.”

If companies refuse to abide by the FDA’s new regulations in regards to the use of trans fat they will face penalty if they do not file for a special permit and be specifically approved by the FDA administration.

The post FDA Calls For Trans Fat To Be Removed From All Products also appeared on PCM Lifestyle.

Manhattanhenge And Why You Should See It!

Manhattanhenge

(PCM) For those that may not know, Manhattanhenge occurs when the sunset aligns perfectly with the city of Manhattan’s grid. It only occurs four times per year, twice with a full sun and twice with a half sun, and all four times the sun full illuminates both the north and south sides of every cross street in the boroughs grid.

Manahattanhenge was named by Neil deGrasse Tyson and he has declared it to be “a unique urban phenomenon in the world, if not the universe”. Neil deGrasse Tyson has also offered up several tips about just how to get the perfect photo and view of this unique phenomenon. 

He says, “Position yourself as far east in Manhattan as possible. But ensure that when you look west across the avenues you can still see New Jersey. Clear cross streets include 14th, 23rd, 34th. 42nd, 57th, and several streets adjacent to them. The Empire State building and the Chrysler building render 34th street and 42nd streets especially striking vistas.”

The dates and times for Manhattanhenge 2015 can be found below and be sure to arrive about 30 minutes early to ensure yourself a good viewing spot. 

Half Sun on the Grid
Friday, May 29 8:12 P.M. EDT
Monday, July 13 8:21 P.M. EDT

Full Sun on the Grid
Saturday, May 30 8:12 P.M. EDT
Sunday, July 12 8:20 P.M. EDT

 

Manhattanhenge And Why You Should See It! was contributed by a Myth

Could Your Beard Really Be Filled With Poop?

Beard1

(PCM) These days, sporting a beard has become quite trendy with the male demographic, however many may want to consider a shave with the results that a new study has revealed. 

KOAT Channel 7 in New Mexico recently hired a microbiologist to conducted a study on the cleanliness of men’s facial hair and the results were absolutely shocking. At the conclusion of the study, the beards of several men were found to be just as contaminated with fecal matter and bacteria than a dirty toilet seat. 

While the study found normal bacteria in majority of the men’s beards, what was disturbing was the amount of bacteria that is the same as fecal matter in a good number of the participants beards as well!  

However, before all you beard-lovers go running for the razor blades, the study was also sure to note that there was no actual poop discovered in the men’s beards, but rather the same type of bacteria that is often found in poop. There was also not enough of it present to make anyone seriously ill. 

The only concerning statement made in the study was the note that if the same bacteria were to be discovered in our water system, the water system would have to be shut-down and disinfected! Kinda of scary! 

Could Your Beard Really Be Filled With Poop? was contributed by a Myth

Adorable And Very Rare ‘Pocket Shark’ Discovered In Gulf Of Mexico

Shark1

(PCM) It is not very often that sharks are referred to as “cute”, however the newly discovered species of of ‘pocket shark’ is adorably small and shows many similarities in appearance to a baby sperm whale. 

The tiny-size shark was actually discovered off the coast of the Gulf Of Mexico a few years ago in a batch of fish that were collected as part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration study that was conducted back in 2010. The 5.5 inch shark specimen was placed in a freezer for over three years waiting to finally be identified.

In fact, it is a miracle that the adorable little guy wasn’t tossed away as the freezer it was being stored in lost power several times over the years. It appears that the shark was only a few weeks old when it died and it is only the second of it’s species to ever be seen. Another ‘pocket shark’ is currently in a Russian museum. It has been named the ‘pocket shark’ due to the discovery of two pockets located next to its’ front fins, but researchers are still unsure of their purpose.

The specimen was shipped off to New York and than France for further testing before it will be returned to Louisana for dissection and additional studies.  

Adorable And Very Rare ‘Pocket Shark’ Discovered In Gulf Of Mexico was contributed by a Myth

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