November 3 in History

November 3 in History

November 3rd is…
Bison Day
Sandwich Day
International Stout Day
November 3rd is National Sandwich Day! Not coincidentally, it is also the birthday of John Montagu, the Earl of Sandwich, who is credited with inventing everyone’s favorite one-handed meal when he had his meat brought to him between slices of bread so he wouldn’t have to stop gambling. To celebrate this genius contribution to gustatory culture, what sandwich will you order today – and what kinds of things can you do one-handed while you’re eating it?

1838 – The Times of India, the world’s largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper, was founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce.

1863 – US patent for an antifouling paint for ships’ hulls was issued to J.G. Tarr and A.H. Wonson (# 40515) for copper oxide, tar, and naptha mixture. It helped keep ships free from barnacles growing on the hull.

1868 – First black US Congressman was elected (Republican John Willis Menard, Louisiana)

1906 – International Radio Telecommunications Com adopted “SOS” – international Morse code distress signal (· · ·  –  –  –  · · ·) – as the new call for help.

1913 – The USA introduced a permanent income tax, although the US federal government imposed the first, although temporary, personal income tax, on August 5, 1861, to help finance the Civil War.

1930 – Bank of Italy became the Bank of America National Trust and Savings Association, now known as the Bank of America.

1952 – Clarence Birdseye marketed frozen peas. He had started freezing fresh fish in the 1920s.

1955 – Carlton Schwerdt and F.L. Schaffer crystallized the polio virus. Their research laid the groundwork for the polio vaccine.

1947 – Howard Hughes piloted his huge wooden airplane, the Spruce Goose on its only flight, which lasted about a minute, over Long Beach Harbor in California.

#1 Hit November 3, 1951 – December 14, 1951: Tony Bennett – Cold, Cold Heart

1954 – The first Godzilla film was released and marks the character’s first appearance.

#1 Hit November 3, 1956 – December 7, 1956: Elvis Presley – Love Me Tender

1956 – The Wizard of Oz was shown on television for the first time on CBS. Although a moderate success when released theatrically in 1939, it is now recognized as the most watched film in television history.

1957 – Sputnik 2 was launched, with the first live animal sent into space, a Siberian husky dog named Laika (‘barker’ in Russian).

 #1 Hit November 3, 1962 – November 16, 1962: The Crystals – He’s a Rebel

1975 – Good Morning America premiered on ABC (David Hartman & Nancy Dussault). The initial show was called AM America, which started on January 6, 1975.

1978 – First broadcast of Diff’rent Strokes on NBC. The series starred Gary Coleman and Todd Bridges as Arnold and Willis Jackson. Dana Plato performed as Kimberly Drummond.

#1 Hit November 3, 1979 – November 9, 1979: M – Pop Muzik

1983 – The Nashville Network (TNN) started on cable TV. The channel evolved to Spike TV in 2003.

1984 – #1 Hit November 3, 1984 – November 16, 1984: Billy Ocean – Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run)

1988 – Talk-show host Geraldo Rivera’s nose was broken as Roy Innis brawled with skinheads at a TV taping. He did not press charges, claiming that he did not wish to be “tied up with the roaches” and said, “if there ever was a case of deserved violence, this was it.”

#1 Hit November 3, 1990 – November 9, 1990: Vanilla Ice – Ice Ice Baby

2000 – William Shepherd, Sergei Krikalev and Yuri Gidzenko entered the ISS (International Space Station)

 #1 Hit November 3, 2001 – December 14, 2001: Mary J. Blige – Family Affair

2014 – One World Trade Center (also known as the Freedom Tower, 1 World Trade Center, One WTC, and 1 WTC) officially opened.