November 19 in History
|November 19th is…
National Absurdity Day
Carbonated Beverage with Caffeine Day
National Child’s Day
National Peanut Butter Fudge Day
November 19, 1863: President Lincoln Delivers The Gettysburg Address
The speech is only two minutes in length. It is important to note that no exact copy of the speech was given. There are forty different versions of the speech, but all carry the truth of the words.
Four score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
We are now engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and dedicated can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives so that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
1620 – The Mayflower reached Cape Cod & explored the coast
1805 – Lewis & Clark reached Pacific Ocean, they were the first European Americans to cross the American continent.
1850 – A patent (#7,784) for magic lantern slides made of glass plate was issued to Frederick Langenheim of Philadelphia, PA as an “improvement in photographic pictures on glass.”
1863 – US President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address beginning “Four score & seven years ago…”
1881 – President Garfield’s (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) cause of death wasn’t so much the bullet wound from his assassination attempt as much as it was the treatment he received afterward. His doctors’ clumsy, unsanitary attempts to heal him resulted in a severe, painful infection that killed him three months later.
1911 – NY received the first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy.
1916 – Samuel Goldfish and Edgar Selwyn established Goldwyn Pictures.
1953 – US Supreme Court ruled (7-2) baseball was a sport not a business
1954 – The first automatic toll collection machine was used at the Union Toll Plaza on New Jersey’s Garden State Parkway. It only accepted quarters (one was needed).
1955 – National Review published its first issue
1959 – Rocky & Friends premiered on NBC (moved to ABC and changed to The Rocky & Bullwinkle Show in 1964).
1966 – #1 Hit November 19, 1966 – December 2, 1966: The Supremes – You Keep Me Hangin’ On
1978 – The Miracle at the Meadowlands – Philadelphia Eagles’ Herman Edwards returned a fumble for a touchdown with 31 seconds left to give Philadelphia a 19-17 victory over the New York Giants.
1980 – CBS banned a Calvin Klein’s jean ad featuring Brooke Shields.
1988 – #1 Hit November 19, 1988 – December 2, 1988: Bon Jovi – Bad Medicine
1998 – The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.
2006 – Nintendo released the Wii in the US.